Water legislation is one of the European Union’s oldest, most developed and progressive areas of environmental policy. The primary goal of this lecture is promotion and understanding of European Union water policy under the Water Framework Directive. It will include presentation of economic elements of the water framework directive, highlighting progressive reduction of emissions of hazardous substances to water, promotion of sustainable water use based on a long-term protection of available water resources, introduction of water bodies and implemented EU best practices for using Water Framework Directive.